Reporting guidelines


To report your study (results) correctly according to international guidelines.


International standards, guidelines or statements should be followed when reporting your study (results) in a scientific article.


Executing researcher: To check if international reporting standards, guidelines or statements exist for your type of study and use them when reporting your study (results) in a scientific article.
Project leaders: To ensure that international standards, guidelines or statements are followed when reporting study (results).
Research assistant: N.a.

How To

When you are going to report your study(results) in an article to submit to an international scientific journal, it is important to follow international guidelines. Below you find standards, guidelines, checklists etc. for most common study types, among others:  RCT’s, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, diagnostic studies, observational studies, qualitative research, quasi-experimental designs and economic evaluations. Also check if the scientific journal where you intend to publish your research demands the use of international reporting guidelines. The guidelines are 1) based on study type or 2) based on research field in alphabetic order.
1. Based on study type
Study type: Randomized Controlled Trials (including several extensions for particular types of trials for example cluster randomized controlled trials)
Name: Consolidated criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research
Study type: Qualitative research (interviews and focus groups)
Link: Checklist and additional information.
Name: Genetic Risk Prediction Studies (GRIPS)
Study type: Diagnostic and prognostic studies, observational studies
Link: Strengthening the Reporting of Genetic RIsk Prediction Studies: The GRIPS Statement
Strengthening the Reporting of Genetic RIsk Prediction Studies (GRIPS): Explanation and Elaboration


Name: Guidelines for Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews of Observational Studies
Study type: Meta-analyses of observational studies
Link: Checklist
Name: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses
Study type: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (including extensions for example for developing the review protocol)
Name: QUality Of Reporting Of Meta-analyses
Study type: Meta-analyses of RCT’s
Link: Checklist and additional information
Extra: Consist of a checklist and flow diagram.
Name: STAndards for Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy studies
Study type: Diagnostic accuracy studies
Link: to checklist and additional information, also check
Name: Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology
Study type: Observational study (cohort, case-control, cross-sectional study designs)
Name: Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs
Study type: Evaluation studies that use nonrandomized designs
Link: Checklist and additional information.
Name: Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards
Study type: Economic evaluations of health interventions
website CHEERS, additional information, checklist check
specific types of economic evaluations check
2. Based on research field
Name of organisation: American Psychological Association
Research field: Psychology
Link: Manual (not free of charge) and additional information
Extra: The manual provides 1) standards for all journal articles, 2) more specific standards for reports of studies with experimental manipulations or evaluations of interventions using research designs involving random or non-random assignment and 3) standards for articles reporting meta-analyses.
Name of organisation: American Educational Research Association
Research field: Education research grounded in the empirical traditions of social sciences.


Please also check for yourself if there are any updates, extensions etc. published.


Audit questions

  1. Were international standards, guidelines or statements used for the reports of the study?

V3.1: 13 Oct 2016: Minor revision
V3.0: 19 Aug 2016: Revision guideline
V2.0: 12 May 2015: Revision format
V1.4: 1 Dec 2011: Addition of COREQ and GRIPS
V1.3: 14 Feb 2011: Addition of the Prisma statement
V1.2: 11 Oct 2010: Addition of statements: Trend, APA and AERA
V1.1: 1 Jan 2010: English translation and separation statements from graphs and tables
V1.0: 31 Jan 2008: Addition of the Strobe statement for observational studies